what contributed to the Spanish conquest of the Aztec empire?
This happened for a few reasons: Disease, especially smallpox, which the conquistadors had brought from Europe. Being forced to work too hard with too little food, which caused malnutrition. Famine (not being able to grow enough food for themselves, because they were being forced to grow food for other people)
which does not explain the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs?
The sentence that does not explain the Spanish conquest of the Aztecs is “the Aztecs were weakened by civil war.” Hernando Cortes was the leader of the Spanish troops that had the help of other Indian tribes that were the enemies of the Aztecs such as the Tlaxcalans and the Cholultecas.
how many Aztecs died during the Spanish conquest?
More than 3 million Aztecs died from smallpox, and with such a severely weakened population, it was easy for the Spanish to take Tenochtitlán. It is uncertain how Montezuma died. Some scholars state that, disgusted with him, the Aztecs stoned him to death.
What factors led to the Spanish conquest of the Aztec and Inca empire?
One significant factor was disease. The Spanish brought smallpox and various other Old World diseases with them to which New World populations had little resistance. Widespread plagues followed, weakening the empire. The other, which often gets overlooked, is allies.
Did the Spanish kill the Mayans?
The Itza Maya and other lowland groups in the Petén Basin were first contacted by Hernán Cortés in 1525, but remained independent and hostile to the encroaching Spanish until 1697, when a concerted Spanish assault led by Martín de Urzúa y Arizmendi finally defeated the last independent Maya kingdom. You may also read,
What advantages did the Spanish have over the natives?
The Spanish had three major advantages over the Native Americans: guns, germs, and steel. The guns and steel (in the form of swords) decimated thousands of Natives, while the Natives were not immune to the germs many of the Spanish carried. Check the answer of
What diseases did the Spanish bring to the Aztecs?
Intriguingly, this type of weather pattern may be what led to the fall of the once mighty Aztec Empire in the early 16th century–and not as is commonly held, by the invasion of European colonialists, who brought with them diseases like mumps, measles and smallpox for which the native populations lacked immunity.
Who was the leader of the Aztecs?
Montezuma II, also spelled Moctezuma, (born 1466—died c. June 30, 1520, Tenochtitlán, within modern Mexico City), ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés. Read:
Did Cortez burn the ships?
Burn one’s boats. The commander, Tariq bin Ziyad, ordered his ships to be burned. Another such incident was in 1519 AD, during the Spanish conquest of Mexico. Hernán Cortés, the Spanish commander, scuttled his ships, so that his men would have to conquer or die.
What did Spain do to Mexico?
The feeling built up in Mexico after the occupation of Spain by the French Revolutionary Emperor Napoleon in 1808, and the 1810 Grito de Dolores speech by Mexican Catholic priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla against Spanish rule is widely recognized as the beginning of the Mexican War of Independence.
What happened to the Aztec empire?
Fall of the Aztec Empire The Aztecs were conquered by Spain in 1521 after a long siege of the capital, Tenochtitlan, where much of the population died from hunger and smallpox. Cuauhtémoc, the last Hueyi Tlatoani surrendered to Cortés on August 13, 1521.
What time period did the Aztecs live in?
The Aztecs (/ˈæzt?ks/) were a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in central Mexico in the post-classic period from 1300 to 1521.
What disease killed the Aztecs?
How did the Spanish conquer the Aztecs?
The Spanish campaign against the Aztec Empire had its final victory on 13 August 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan warriors led by Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger captured the emperor Cuauhtemoc and Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire.